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Eagle Of the Polish Legions Lapel Pin - Przypinka Orzel Legionow
Eagle Of the Polish Legions Lapel Pin - Przypinka Orzel Legionow

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Polish Legions (Polish Legiony Polskie) was the name of Polish armed forces created in August 1914 in Galicia. Thanks to the efforts of KSSN and the Polish members of the Austrian parliament, the unit became an independent formation of the Austro-Hungarian Army. They were composed mostly of former members of various scouting organisations, including Druzyny Strzeleckie and Zwiazek Strzelecki, as well as volunteers from all around the empire.

Józef Pilsudski in his order of 22 August declared formations of the Legions, but Austrian government officially agreed to it only on 27 August.

Initially the Polish Legions were composed of two legions: the Eastern and the Western, both formed on 27 August. After Russian victory in the Battle of Galicia Eastern Polish legion refused to fight against Russia and was disbanded on 21 September. On 19 December Western legion was transformed into three brigades.

I Brigade of the Polish Legions under Józef Pilsudski, formed in mid-December
II Brigade of the Polish Legions under Józef Haller de Hallenburg, formed between mid-December and March (sources vary)
III Brigade of the Polish Legions under Zygmunt Zielinski and later Boleslaw Roja, formed on 8 May 1915
Artillery Battalions-served in I, II, and III Brigades
Cavalry Regiments-1st served in I Brigade; 2nd served in II Brigade; 3rd served in III Brigade
Infantry Regiments-1st, 5th, 7th served in I Brigade; 2nd, 3rd served in II Brigade; 4th served in both II and III Brigades; 5th, 6th served in III Brigade
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_Legions_in_World_War_I
Tie Tack Back
  • Size - .5" x 1" - 1.6cm x 2.4cm

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