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A Republic Lost - Rzeczpospolita Utracona
This album is a journey across a Polish Republic that is no more. It has disappeared for ever, not as result of normal civilization development and natural social processes, but as a result of the cataclysm that befell it after 1939.


 
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Our Price: $59.95
ISBN: 9788376292915

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9821310
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This album is a journey across a Polish Republic that is no more. It has disappeared for ever, not as result of normal civilization development and natural social processes, but as a result of the cataclysm that befell it after 1939. It is a journey through the spiritual sphere of a “nation wounded” – losses caused by the atrocities of war on an unprecedented scale, by demoralization and war-time savagery. This poignant experience of injustice after World War II, of the depreciation of values, of many concepts that constitute the moral quality of public and social life. This is a journey through a new canon of tradition and culture, one that negates the heritage of generations, which had been obvious until quite recently. This is a world of strange-sounding meanings, “many truths”, of a history written anew. This is also discovering of true testimonies – allowing to preserve the hope for ordinary honesty, respect, tolerance, humanism.

This is a journey in the wake of the now non-existent Polish society, rich in its multicultural character and many centuries of tradition. This is a history of annihilation carried out by two totalitarianisms: German and Soviet. A methodical annihilation of communities (Jews, Poles, Romani’s, Byelorussians, Ukrainians), social groups (the intelligentsia and soldiers), of new categories of enemies created by nazism and communism, of children as well. It is a history of expulsion – of the loss of one’s place on earth by millions of citizens of the Polish Republic, of the severance of fundamental social bonds that pave the way for the erosion of patriotism and respect.

Finally, this is a journey in the traces of Polish material culture that the two Poland’s occupiers decided to destroy. A journey through now non-existent museums and libraries, through the lost Eastern Borderlands with their many centuries of wealth of temples (churches, synagogues, Orthodox churches, kenesas, molennas, mosques), castles, palaces, cemeteries – the last witnesses of communities gone. It is a journey in a world of landowners’ manors with their culture-making tradition – that “fell prey to the revolution”. It is question about the consequences of all those losses for us. It is a journey within ourselves.

Prezentowana wystawa jest podróżą po Rzeczypospolitej, której już nie ma. Zniknęła bezpowrotnie, nie w wyniku normalnego rozwoju cywilizacyjnego i naturalnych procesów społecznych, ale na skutek kataklizmu, jaki stał się udziałem po 1939 r. To podróż po sferze duchowej „okaleczonego narodu” – strat spowodowanych okrucieństwem wojny w skali dotychczas nieznanej, demoralizacji i zdziczenia wojną. To dojmujące doświadczenie niesprawiedliwości po II wojnie światowej, deprecjacji wartości, wielu pojęć stanowiących o jakości moralnej życia publicznego i społecznego. To podróż po nowym kanonie tradycji i kultury, negującym – oczywisty do niedawna – dorobek pokoleń. To świat obco brzmiących znaczeń, „wielu prawd”, na nowo pisanej historii. To także odkrywanie świadectw prawdziwych – pozwalających zachować nadzieję na zwyczajną uczciwość, szacunek, tolerancję, humanizm.

To podróż śladami nieistniejącego już społeczeństwa polskiego, bogatego wielokulturowością i wiekową tradycją. To historia zagłady dokonanej przez dwa totalitaryzmy: niemiecki i sowiecki. Zagłady realizowanej metodycznie wobec kolejnych społeczności (Żydów, Polaków, Romów, Białorusinów, Ukraińców), grup społecznych (inteligencji, wojskowych), nowych kategorii wrogów kreowanych przez nazizm i komunizm, wobec dzieci. To historia wypędzeń – utraty przez miliony obywateli Rzeczypospolitej swojego miejsca na ziemi, zerwania podstawowych więzi społecznych, dających pole do erozji tradycji, patriotyzmu, szacunku.

To wreszcie podróż śladami polskiej kultury materialnej, skazanej przez obydwu okupantów na zniszczenie. Podróż po nieistniejących już muzeach i bibliotekach, po utraconych Kresach z ich wielowiekowym bogactwem świątyń (kościołów, synagog, cerkwi, kenes, molenn, meczetów), zamków, pałaców, cmentarzy – ostatnich świadków nieistniejących już społeczności. To podróż po świecie ziemiańskich dworów z ich kulturotwórczą tradycją – wystawionych na „łup rewolucji”. To pytanie o konsekwencje wszystkich wspomnianych strat dla nas. To podróż w głąb nas samych.

So writes Julian Kulski a few days before the outbreak of World War II, in this remarkable diary of a boy at war from ages 10 to 16. As the war unfolds through his eyes, we are privileged to meet a rare soul of indomitable will, courage and compassion.

Kulski, the son of the Deputy Mayor of Warsaw, is a 10-year-old Boy Scout when the Germans invade Poland in September 1939. He soon begins waging his own private war against the Germans with small acts of sabotage. At age 12, Kulski is recruited into the clandestine Underground Army by his Scoutmaster and begins training in military tactics and weapons handling. At 13, he accompanies his commander on a secret mission into the Warsaw Ghetto to liaise with the leaders of the Jewish Resistance.

Arrested by the Gestapo at age 14, Kulski is incarcerated in the notorious Pawiak Prison, beaten, interrogated at Gestapo headquarters, and sentenced to Auschwitz. After being rescued, he joins the Ninth Commando Company of the Underground Army, and at age 15 fights in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.

Taken prisoner by the Germans, 16-year-old Kulski ends the war in a POW camp, finally risking a dash for freedom onto an American truck instead of waiting for "liberation" by the Soviets.

- See more at: http://www.polandww2.com/color-of-courage/color-o...

So writes Julian Kulski a few days before the outbreak of World War II, in this remarkable diary of a boy at war from ages 10 to 16. As the war unfolds through his eyes, we are privileged to meet a rare soul of indomitable will, courage and compassion.

Kulski, the son of the Deputy Mayor of Warsaw, is a 10-year-old Boy Scout when the Germans invade Poland in September 1939. He soon begins waging his own private war against the Germans with small acts of sabotage. At age 12, Kulski is recruited into the clandestine Underground Army by his Scoutmaster and begins training in military tactics and weapons handling. At 13, he accompanies his commander on a secret mission into the Warsaw Ghetto to liaise with the leaders of the Jewish Resistance.

Arrested by the Gestapo at age 14, Kulski is incarcerated in the notorious Pawiak Prison, beaten, interrogated at Gestapo headquarters, and sentenced to Auschwitz. After being rescued, he joins the Ninth Commando Company of the Underground Army, and at age 15 fights in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.

Taken prisoner by the Germans, 16-year-old Kulski ends the war in a POW camp, finally risking a dash for freedom onto an American truck instead of waiting for "liberation" by the Soviets.

- See more at: http://www.polandww2.com/color-of-courage/color-

So writes Julian Kulski a few days before the outbreak of World War II, in this remarkable diary of a boy at war from ages 10 to 16. As the war unfolds through his eyes, we are privileged to meet a rare soul of indomitable will, courage and compassion.

Kulski, the son of the Deputy Mayor of Warsaw, is a 10-year-old Boy Scout when the Germans invade Poland in September 1939. He soon begins waging his own private war against the Germans with small acts of sabotage. At age 12, Kulski is recruited into the clandestine Underground Army by his Scoutmaster and begins training in military tactics and weapons handling. At 13, he accompanies his commander on a secret mission into the Warsaw Ghetto to liaise with the leaders of the Jewish Resistance.

Arrested by the Gestapo at age 14, Kulski is incarcerated in the notorious Pawiak Prison, beaten, interrogated at Gestapo headquarters, and sentenced to Auschwitz. After being rescued, he joins the Ninth Commando Company of the Underground Army, and at age 15 fights in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.

Taken prisoner by the Germans, 16-year-old Kulski ends the war in a POW camp, finally risking a dash for freedom onto an American truck instead of waiting for "liberation" by the Soviets.

- See more at: http://www.polandww2.com/color-of-courage/color-o...
Features
  • Hardcover
    161 Pages
    Numerous Black and White and Color Photographs
    English - Polish Text
    2011
    Size 9.5" x 13" - 24.5cm x 33cm




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